What’s the name?

The town of Alston in Cumbria BBC

A hamster,damn.
Where does glass go?
I’ve done Dee a favour
The isle of Wight is changing its name soon as people can’t spell Wight
The isle of Dogs has to let cats in
Blackheath  says it is having electric lights put  all over it.
Well, who was the Carl in Carlisle and who was the Ull in Ullswater
Don’t mention  Pen’s wrath.
I used to hear mum saying Shap fell.But to whom?
Loch Lomond  is changing to Loch Lowmood as  the people who fell in are not happy bunnies any more
What made us build a town as high as Alston in Cumbria?Was it so we could see the Langdale Pikes below us?
I will lift up mine eyes to the hills

Silence  gives  us space  for joy and dread

Mesmerised by   voices in my head
I did not  live by senses or desire
But into inner chatting I was led

Do I think democracy is dead?
Do I think my good friend is a liar?
Listening   to the voices in my head

Will I faint or  blush in someone’s bed?
Shall I light the oven or the fire?
Into inner wordiness I’m led

Silence  gives  us space  for joy and dread
Too much talking makes the mind feel tired
Shall I miss the gossip someone said?

In our psyche  is a space for God
Yet fear too can erupt  with rapid tread
All my inner chatting hurts my head

The senses teach the soul how we might pray
Being alive to Nature in the day
Weary of  the Plays inside my head
I  looked at trees  and flowers and birds instead


Broken lamp



Worked, Wrought and Overwrought

By Maeve Maddox

Judging by comments and emails I receive whenever I write about the verb wreak, some English speakers believe that the past tense of wreak is wrought.

That’s not the case.

Wrought is an archaic past tense form of the verb work.

Work and wreak derive from different Old English verbs: wyrcan (do, make) and wrecan (to avenge). Both work and wreak belong to a class of irregular verbs that have acquired regular -ed endings in modern English. If wreak had remained irregular, its forms would probably look like these: “wreak, wroke, (have) wroken.”

The verb work has a modern -ed ending, but the old past tense wrought survives in a few contexts and idioms.

Writing in the early 20th century, H. W. Fowler (Modern English Usage) commented on the fact that the past form of work was in a state of transition:

The decline of the form wrought is so manifest, yet so far from complete, that it is impossible to say from year to year where idiom still requires it and where it is already archaic.

In the 1965 edition, Gowers, changed “disappearance” to “decline,” perhaps because the old form continued to be used in the sense of donemadefashioned, or brought about:

The stage show is tight and well-wrought.—1997 book about Jazz.
The metaphorical movement of coming into that understanding is beautifully wrought with the use of a large black drapery that the congregation passes beneath as four of the dancers hold the corners.—2013 opera review

To see the changes Edward Snowden wrought, just look at your smartphone—2014 headline.

The reason that many speakers associate wrought with wreak may have to do with the fact that we have two idioms with the word havoc. A storm or other disaster “wreaks havoc,” but people and institutions can “work havoc.”

The “works havoc” idiom is not as common as it was, but it is still found in recent use:

Can’t live without nonsense poetry

Photo0373 2http://thefederalist.com/2017/03/14/cant-live-without-nonsense/


“In his essay, “A Defence of Nonsense” (1902), the English poet, philosopher, journalist, and theologian G.K. Chesterton wrote on the value of nonsense in this modern age to teach about wonder and faith. Chesterton said:

We fancy that nonsense will, in a very unexpected way, come to the aid of the spiritual view of things. Religion has for centuries been trying to make men exult in the ‘wonders’ of creation, but it has forgotten that a thing cannot be completely wonderful so long as it remains sensible…Nonsense and faith (strange as the conjunction may seem) are the two supreme symbolic assertions of the truth that to draw out the soul of things with a logical syllogism is as impossible as to draw out Leviathan with a hook.”