The cat

Dark in the morning,the windows are grey.

Dark in my heart,where nothing can stay.

Dark in the evening,dark in the night.

Only  the cat’s eyes give me some light.


Knocked off the glove box down in  the hall

Knocked over the bin,found nothing at all.

Knocked down  your photograph  and stood on the glass.

Like me he’s reached the last impasse.


Waiting for what,as we sit here alone?

Waiting for nobody,heart like a stone.

Waiting  on God sounds rather strange.

Let’s say that grace cannot be pre-arranged.


Dark again,dark,where you fell into earth.

Darker and darker  like the devil’s own curse

Darkness  around me,darkness inside.

Washed all up on the evening tide.



Goodbye our future,fiction in fact.

Goodbye,did you say it with your special tact?

Goodbye,you never said it,you never addressed

The one who  was with you,but never caressed.


Is it impossible to run it again?

Is it a fancy that  can but remain?

Life’s just a film and we are the stars…

But when the reel stops,we fall so far.


Flying away,I saw the hand stuck,

Turning the reel to make this world work.

Flying away, I’ll never come home.

Flying and turning and ever alone.


The Economist Style Guide: 11th edition
The Economist
The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century
Steven Pinker

Never end a sentence with and.

And never begin one with and either.

Like trying to reduce mathematics to a mere branch of logic as Russell and Whitehead did [didn’t  succeed,in fact],trying to write the rules of English grammar is  difficult

The main reason is that there are no rules.Let me explain.English was spoken for many hundreds of years before it was written down.Or,let’s say all language was originally oral.Eventually some bright person invented an alphabet.This was in the Middle East.Hebrew still uses an alphabet which pre-dates the Greek.Aleph is the first letter.We use it in mathematics to denote infinity as we ran out of Greek  letters and maybe French too.

When I say there are no rules I mean that the language existed for a long time before the development of alphabets and writing.Gradually  language developed and later written language but always there has been change and growth.And who makes the rules? The elite?

So to some extent there is no ultimate form.I  imagine that great writers like Shakespeare add to or influence the language they write in.And other people decide that some forms are better than others.It may be aesthetic;in maths it must be clear;in novels, perhaps dramatic.

Similarly punctuation arrived  only after writing developed.When  you learned to talk you could speak well by the time you went to school but an inverted comma was probably a new notion.We need  such things, sometimes ,to clarify what we mean.But language is still primarily used between people and it is a living being at its best.

Some people mock those who write,

that cat ate it’s dinner.

But  that is related  just to  what is customary:

the cat ate its dinner …. means its own dinner

“The cat ate it’s dinner” means another being called “it”  had its dinner eaten by the cat.Alas.

But usually the context tells us.

“I have lost my head” might confuse some of us.It’s most often a dead metaphor.

I lost my head and told my husband I regretted ever meeting him.But my head was screwed on the right way later.

She lost her head and swore  at the Rabbi who gamely swore back  to keep their friendship alive except it was all in his head.She didn’t even know he was a Rabbi, but believed he was  a soft toy with a missing tee.That’s life.For some.

The origin of syntax

noun: syntax
  1. 1.
    the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
    “the syntax of English”
    • a set of rules for or an analysis of the syntax of a language.
      plural noun: syntaxes
      “generative syntax”
    • the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax.
  2. 2.
    the structure of statements in a computer language.
late 16th century: from French syntaxe, or via late Latin from Greek suntaxis, from sun-‘together’ + tassein ‘arrange’.

Well formed sentences

well formed

Line breaks: well formed

Definition of well formed in English:


1Correctly or attractively proportioned or shaped:by twenty weeks the fetus is well formed

1.1(Especially of a sentence or phrase) constructed according to grammatical rules:well-formed sentences

1.2Logic Conforming to the formation rules of a logical system.

Definition of well formed in:


New Hart’s Rules
Garner’s Dictionary of Legal Usage
New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors
Pocket Fowler’s Modern English Usage
Grammar & usage

Line breaks: syn¦tax

Pronunciation: /ˈsɪntaks/]

Definition of syntax in English:



1The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language:the syntax of English

1.1A set of rules for or an analysis of the syntax of a language:generative syntax

1.2The branch of linguistics that deals with syntax.

2The structure of statements in a computer language.


Late 16th century: from French syntaxe, or via late Latin from Greek suntaxis, from sun- ‘together’ +tassein ‘arrange’.

Definition of syntax in:

Consent,consequence etc

I keep getting mixed up with my words

To be  consequential to my lover  is absurd

He’s  very inconstant

Makes the most of each instant

And treats me to a meal on the 3rd.


I don’t feel like eating any more.

My stomach has closed its little door.

Consequently I am thinner

So this  is a winner.

Take penicillin and hog the dance floor.


The trouble is,it gives me diarrhea.

So I hope the toilet is near.

Toilet is common,

But never mind that plumbing.

I have developed a terrible fear.


I think  the top folk say “loo”

But first they say,How do you do?

Don’t tell them the truth.

Nor offer any proof.

Don’t even give them a clue.


My late lover said,In the pink.

When he was asked that,I think.

Even as he died

His eyes opened wide.

He smiled broadly and give me a wink.




You seem he’d forgotten I was his spouse.

As I kept always knitting my brows.

He desired  to   be close

So was unfaithful,almost.

But  he loved me  even before he could browse.



Is it consequential?

Word of the Day


audio pronunciation
December 01, 2015
\kahn-suh-KWEN-shul\ [American pronunciation]
: of the nature of a secondary result : indirect
: consequent
: having significant consequences : important
: self-important
Voters handed the mayor a decisive victory in the election, demonstrating that they still trust her to handle the most consequential issues facing the community.

“But while much of the world was looking away, Shinzo Abe, the country’s prime minister since 2012, has become one of the most consequentialJ apanese politicians of the postwar era.” — Bill Powell,Newsweek, 29 Sept. 2015

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