After Stan left the police behind, he drove Satan to Sheringham,There they rented a fidhrman’s cottage and enjoyed walking to Weybourne along the cliffs where they saw some butterflies .Satan seemed surprised by the cheery residents.He usually dwelt in cities and dens of iniquity.Stan’s pocket bulged with the golden powder compact standing up.He liked Sheringham but usually had Mary with him for company rather than Satan. One afternoon on the beach a man of riper years stopped and spoke to him I see you always carry face powder in a compact with you.Are you a transvestite by ny chance? I am sorry to say,I am not.Is that bad news?Stan asked him Well,not really.I never expected to meet one down here.But my wife has lost her powder compact and it’s hard to get gold ones now.I’ll give you at least £500 for that.It’s lovely. Stan pondered.He had got fond of Satan but was unsure what to do with him next and he could not remain on holiday for ever as Emile his cat didn”t like it He thought perhaps leaving Satan here in Sheringham might benefit humanity in the long run. OK then.he cried and in a flash he had handed over the gold compact to the gentleman who seemed thrilled.He produced £500 pounds in notes and the deal was done. Stan went back and informed Emile the holiday was over.We can go home now,Emile.I have got rid of Satan,at least for now. Thank God,miaowed Emile.I miss Annie and her perfume.. That makes two of us,thought Stan as he drove towards King’s Lynn and the Ouse crossing… But how will poor Satan feel? Will he be converted to life in a seaside home or will he soon be heading back to Knittingham?Time will tell. Sheringham may be too small for him and probably has very few dens of iniquity.And even Cromer is probably not wicked enough for this old devil….
Stan met Satan in his mirror many times.And it was obvious the poor devil was terribly depressed.He said he was no longer needed as humans were more wicked than he ever was.Stan wondered how to help without doing anything wicked himself He went into the bedroom and looked into the mirror.At first he thought it was empty but the he saw Satan asleep in a ball. Hi there,he called.Satan woke up. Hi Stan. Stan said I’ve got an idea.How would you like a drive to Sheringham? I dunno,I feel too depressed. I think you need a change said Stan.He picked up Mary’s solid gold powder compact and opened it.What a lovely scent,he murmured,closing his eyes and remembering all the times Mary had taken it out to put on more lipstick or powder her nose when they were out dancing. Now,see here.I have mirror here.If you can get behind this,I’ll put you in my pocket and Emile will sit by me in the car. Without a pause Satan leaped into the gold compact and Stan could see him in the mirror.He popped it into his front pocket until he realised the devil could not see out. He opened it and placed it in his pocket but with the mirror sticking out. They drove off in Stan’s old Triumph Herald which was still functioning well. Sat Nav,said Satan… is that how to find me… No.it’s satellite navigation.It gives me a route to the seaside.Wherever I want to go Bloody waste of money…what is wrong with a road Atla.? It’s all progress.Stan told him.We must keep up or we will be thought lacking By whom? answered the old devil All of a sudden a police car came by and asked Stan to stop. Why are you sending signals with that mirror?the police officer enquired.. To be continued
Traditional IQ tests miss some of the most important aspects of real-world decision making. It is possible to test high in IQ yet to suffer from the logical-thought defect known as dysrationalia.
One cause of dysrationalia is that people tend to be cognitive misers, meaning that they take the easy way out when trying to solve problems, often leading to solutions that are wrong.
Another cause of dysrationalia is the mindware gap, which occurs when people lack the specific knowledge, rules and strategies needed to think rationally.
Tests do exist that can measure dysrationalia, and they should be given more often to pick up the deficiencies that IQ tests miss.
No doubt you know several folks with perfectly respectable IQs who repeatedly make poor decisions. The behavior of such people tells us that we are missing something important by treating intelligence as if it encompassed all cognitive abilities. I coined the term “dysrationalia” (analogous to “dyslexia”), meaning the inability to think and behave rationally despite having adequate intelligence, to draw attention to a large domain of cognitive life that intelligence tests fail to assess. Although most people recognize that IQ tests do not measure every important mental faculty, we behave as if they do. We have an implicit assumption that intelligence and rationality go together—or else why would we be so surprised when smart people do foolish things?
It is useful to get a handle on dysrationalia and its causes because we are beset by problems that require increasingly more accurate, rational responses. In the 21st century, shallow processing can lead physicians to choose less effective medical treatments, can cause people to fail to adequately assess risks in their environment, can lead to the misuse of information in legal proceedings, and can make parents resist vaccinating their children. Millions of dollars are spent on unneeded projects by government and private industry when decision makers are dysrationalic, billions are wasted on quack remedies, unnecessary surgery is performed and costly financial misjudgments are made.
IQ tests do not measure dysrationalia. But as I show in my 2010 book, What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought, there are ways to measure dysrationalia and ways to correct it. Decades of research in cognitive psychology have suggested two causes of dysrationalia. One is a processing problem, the other a content problem. Much is known about both of them.